What is claimed is:
1. A recombinant microorganism comprising functionalized alpha substituted C4 dicarboxylic acid, wherein the functional alpha substitution is selected from an alkyl (longer than methyl), hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, branched hydroxyalkyl, alkoxy, branched alkyl, amino, branched amino alkyl, phenyl, alkyl substituted phenyl, —S—, —SH, —SeH, —Se—, hydroxyaromatic, aminoaromatic, formyl, carbamoyl, indolyl, guanidinyl, and...
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/171,019, filed Jun. 4, 2015, and U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/171,029, filed Jun. 4, 2015, both of which are incorporated herein by reference.